Pensoft is an independent academic publishing company, well known worldwide for its innovations in the field of semantic publishing and for its cutting-edge publishing tools and workflows. Founded in 1992 "by scientists, for the scientists" and initially focusing on book publishing, it has grown to become a leading publisher of innovative open access journals, such as: Research Ideas and Outcomes (RIO), ZooKeys, Biodiversity Data Journal, PhytoKeys, MycoKeys, Nature Conservation, NeoBiota, Comparative Cytogenetics, and others. Pensoft has published more than 1,000 books and over 4,000 open access articles, mostly in the field of natural history.

Pensoft is a member or partner of several professional publishing organisations and data publishing platforms, including CrossRef, OASPA, PubMedCentral, CLOCKSS, Research Data Alliance (RDA), OpenAIRE, LifeWatch, DataONE, Dryad Data Repository, Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF), Encyclopedia of Life (EoL), and others.

Pensoft journal content is indexed by: ISI Web of Science, Scopus, BIOSIS, Google Scholar, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), Zoological Record, CAB Abstracts, Vifabio, BHL Citebank, Globalnames, JournalMap and others, and is archived in PubMedCentral, CLOCKSS and ZENODO.

In 2010, Pensoft was the first publisher to implement semantic tagging and enrichment of published articles as a routine editorial practice. The company is actively developing novel tools, workflows and methods for text and data publication and dissemination of scientific information, as well as technologies for semantic enrichment of content. In 2013, Pensoft launched the first ever, end-to-end, XML-based, authoring, reviewing and publishing workflow, as demonstrated by the Biodiversity Data Journal (BDJ) and the Pensoft Writing Tool (PWT), now upgraded to the ARPHA Publishing Platform. The company has also developed a number of tools for semantic publishing: Pensoft Markup Tool (PMT), Pensoft Taxon Profile (PTP), Pensoft Wiki Converter (PWC), the literature and data discovery tool Refindit.org, and others.

Innovations have always been at the core of Pensoft’s business to better serve our clients, partners and research communities. 

ARPHA Publishing Platform

We have been seeking a way to scrap the notion of academic publishing being a time-consuming and exhausting venture for any author ready to present a research. In the end, we came up with the first of its kind publishing platform to combine Authoring, Reviewing, Publishing, Hosting and Archiving all in one place. Bearing the name ARPHA, it is implemented to all Pensoft journals and offers a wide range of services also to other journals and publishers. ARPHA represents the first ever end-to-end, entirely XML-based commodity in the journal publishing industry.

Arpha Writing Tool (AWT) 

Being passionate advocates for open science, at Pensoft we have always made sure to not only provide freely accessible digital content, but also encourage collaboration in the peer-review, publication and dissemination process. Thus, we developed the ARPHA Writing Tool (AWT) to  allow authors, co-authors, external contributors, pre-submission reviewers, linguistic and copy editors to gather in the intuitive and user-friendly online authoring environment and work together on a manuscript.

Pensoft Markup Tool (PMT)

Another quite tiresome and painstaking task an author needs to complete, while submitting a manuscript, is a sweeping amount of importing, referencing, cross-linking, interlinking, mapping, and so on. Implementing our extensive experience in semantic technology and innovations, Pensoft has developed the Pensoft Markup Tool (PMT), which makes the following operations possible:

  • Import, retrieval and interlinking of XML, HTML and Adobe InDesign files
  • Tagging and auto-tagging of general and domain-specific terms at different granularity levels
  • Cross-linking of citations within the text and reference list
  • Exporting the text to semantically enhanced HTML version of the paper, visualising some of the important tag elements, the literature references cited in the text, and external links to them (when available)
  • Mapping geocoordinated localities listed in the papers
  • Generating the Taxon Pensoft Profile page for each taxon name cited in a paper, providing the reader with a quick and up-to-date summary information on a taxon from certified external sources
  • Exporting to generic JATS and TaxPub JAST XML file (http://sourceforge.net/projects/taxpub) in compliance with the requirements for archiving in PubMedCentral and indexing in PubMed
  • XML export of taxon treatments or any other tagged information in various formats acceptable by aggregators and indexers, for example Encyclopedia of Life, Plazi.org, Species-ID.net and other data aggregators.  

Pensoft Taxon Profile (PTP)

The web-based harvester Pensoft Taxon Profile (PTP) was developed to automatically harvest information about any biological taxon name mentioned within a publication and link it to external resources, for example CrossRef, PubMedCentral, PubMed, Biodiversity Heritage Library, NCBI/GenBank, ZooBank, International Plant Name Index (IPNI), Index Fungorum, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), Wikipedia, Encyclopedia of Life, Plazi.org and others. As a result, a dynamic web-page for that taxon name is being created in real time, which saves our readers a great amount of time and efforts.

Pensoft Wiki Converter (PWC)

While the Wiki environment is a fine example of a huge open access online space with immense potential in science, we have always known that we need to make use of it, in order to provide a best-quality experience to our users. This is how we came up with the Pensoft Wiki Converter (PWC), which turns the XML versions of our papers into Media-Wiki-based pages, such as Species-ID.net.


Led by our desire to provide our users with user-friendly and accessible knowledge, we created a handy literature and data discovery tool, called ReFindit. In order to access a publication, all you need to do is enter any relevant information, such as a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), author, title, or simply a bit of free text and click a ‘Search’ button. ReFindit searches and gathers information for you from metadata stored on CrossRef, DataCite, PubMed, Mendeley, RefBank, and the Global Names Usage Bank (GNUB).


The publishing ethics and malpractice policies of Pensoft Publshers follow the relevant COPE guidelines (http://publicationethics.org/resources/guidelines).


The editor of the specific Pensoft journal is responsible for approving submitted articles for publication. He/she may be guided by relevant journal policies, available on each journal website regarding libel, copyright infringement, plagiarism and other illegal actions that might occur. Pensoft editors evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.


The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.


Research misconduct may include: (a) manipulating research materials, equipment, or processes, (b) changing or omitting data or results such that the research is not accurately represented in the article.

A special case of misconduct is plagiarism, which is the appropriation of another person's ideas, processes, results, or words without giving appropriate credit. Research misconduct does not include honest error or differences of opinion. If misconduct is suspected, the relevant journal editors will act in accordance with the relevant COPE guidelines: http://publicationethics.org/resources/guidelines.

Should a comment on potential misconduct be submitted by the Reviewers or Editors, an explanation will be sought from the Authors. If authors’ response is satisfactory, and a mistake or misunderstanding has taken place, the matter can be resolved. If not, the manuscript will be rejected, and the Editors will impose a ban a ban on the authors to publish in Pensoft journals for a period of three years.

In cases of published plagiarism or dual publication, an announcement will be made in the relevant journal, explaining the situation.

Appeals and Open Debate

We encourage academic debate and constructive criticism. Authors do not have a right to neglect unfavorable comments about their work and to choose not to respond to criticism.

No Reviewer’s comment or published correspondence may contain a personal attack on any of the Authors. Criticism of the work is encouraged, and Editors should edit (or reject) personal or offensive statements.

The Author(s) should submit their appeal on editorial decisions to the Editorial Office.

Pensoft  encourages publication of open opinions, forum papers, corrigenda, critical comments on a published paper and Author’s response to criticism.

Errors and Retractions

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to simultaneously notify the relevant journal’s editor and the publisher and cooperate with them to retract or correct the paper. Pensoft journals reserve the right to retract articles that are found to be fraudulent or in serious breach of the relevant journal’s policies.